BHTY Around the Globe
Publication Ethics and Policies
- Open Access Policy and DOI use
- Archiving and Scholarly Practices
- Corrections, Retractions and Matters Arising
- ChatGPT and Chatbots
- Generative AI Images
- Allegations of Misconduct
- Complaints and Appeals
- Collections, Guest Edited Collections, and Special Issues
- Repository Policy, Self-Archiving and Digital Preservation
- Financial and Non-Financial Relationships and Activities /Conflicts of Interest
- Predatory or Pseudo Journals
- Editors and Journal Staff as Authors
- Intellectual Property
- Embargo Policy
- Human and Animal Subjects
- Informed Consent
- Diversity Commitment
- Post publication discussion and corrections
- Journal management policies and teamwork
- Social Media and Marketing
- Production and platform
- Revenue sources
- Copyright and Creative Commons License
- SDG Goals
- Collection of Data on Editors, Authors, and Peer Reviewers
- Ownership and management
Open Access Policy and DOI Use
BHTY is an open access peer reviewed journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or their institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
Articles are published upon the final correction(s) and approval of the final galley proof.
All articles are assigned a DOI number (Digital Object Identifier). Authors retain full copyright (see below for copyright policy below).
All BHTY articles are open access and at no charge to readers. There are no paywalls.
Archiving and Scholarly Practices
BHTY uses LOCKSS preservation, Portico, CrossRef, CrossMark and the PKP|PS Indexing service. Articles are also indexed on PubMed and PubMed Central.
Corrections & Retractions
It may be necessary to change the Version of Record after an article has been published in accordance with guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Any necessary changes will be accompanied with a post-publication notice which will be permanently linked to the original article so that readers will be fully informed of any necessary changes. The purpose of this mechanism of making changes which are permanent and transparent is to ensure the integrity of the scholarly record. The decision to issue a retraction for an article will be made in accordance with COPE guidelines
Note: Minor errors will not have a separate correction notice. A footnote will be added to the article detailing to the reader what has been corrected. These errors do not impact the reliability, or a reader’s understanding of the scholarly content.
The journal will issue corrections, retraction statements and other post-publication updates including Editor’s Notes and Editorial Expressions of Concern on published content. Mechanisms for correcting, revising or retracting articles post publication are made on CrossMark - an industry standard mechanism that allows readers to check the article version is up-to-date including details of any amendments and corrections. This includes:
- Author Correction(s)
- Author Name Change
- Publisher Correction
- Editor's Note (this is not indexed)
- Editorial Expression of Concern (published, indexed and will receive a DOI)
- Publishing an Editor’s Note or EEoC is recommended by the COPE
An article may be retracted when the integrity of the published work:
- Contains errors in conduct, analysis and/or reporting of the study
- Includes unreliable data or findings
- Has content which violates the rights to privacy of a study participant
- Is Plagiarized
- Is a duplicate publication
- Results from unethical research
A replacement version of the online article will be posted containing just the metadata, with a retraction note replacing the original text. The PDF may be removed or replaced with a version watermarked with “Retracted.”
All correction, expressions of concern, and retraction notices will be open access. COPE retraction guidelines can be found on the COPE website. The decision to issue a retraction for an article will be made in accordance with COPE guidelines
The journal is committed to maintaining the integrity of the scientific record and will thoroughly investigate concerns that are directly raised by authors and readers. Authors will always be given the opportunity to promptly respond to concerns raised. Retraction statements will typically include a statement of assent or dissent from the authors.
The author’s institution, funders, regulatory bodies, and journals may be contacted in cases of suspected research or publishing misconduct. Post-publication issues and corrections will be investigated and dealt with swiftly. There is no time limit for notifying editors of errors or publishing corrections. Send a detailed email to the managing editor at firstname.lastname@example.org
- Post publication commentary on published research is important to advance scientific discourse, and may include challenges, clarifications or replication of the published work. This may be published as Matters Arising, beside a reply from the original journal author(s).
Post publication issues and discussion
BHTY encourages questions and debate post publication. This can be exercised as a letter to the editor, opinion piece to the journal, commentary can be viewed across social media platforms where journal content is posted and shared such as LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook, Medium and Substack. Additionally, PubPeer can be used as an external moderated site. For details, see https://pubpeer.com/static/about.
All authors are encouraged to register their article on PubPeer by posting the article DOI number and encouraging commentary. The registration link is: https://pubpeer.com/register
Editors, authors and reviewers are required to keep all details of the editorial and peer review process on submitted manuscripts confidential in double blind anonymous peer review, unless part of open peer review, Identities of reviewers are not released. Reviewers must maintain confidentiality of manuscripts. If a reviewer seeks advice from colleagues, the reviewer must consult with the managing editor to ensure confidentiality. The names of qualified colleague(s) will be provided to the managing editor with the reviewer’s final comments. Correspondence with the journal, editor reviews and comments, and other materials will only be published in open peer review with prior consent and authorization of authors and editors. Journal reviewers are aware of this policy and it is contained in reviewer agreements. Confidentiality is not guaranteed in legal action.
Reviewers and editors are required to keep manuscript submissions in confidence and disclose financial and non-financial relationships and interests (this includes the journal staff and volunteers) on the Journal Relationships and Activities page here.
Reviewers and editors are also asked to alert the managing editor of any potential conflict(s) identified before peer review. Additionally, at on boarding a new member to the team, the publisher sends an email outlining expectations, requirements, confidentiality and includes links to COPE, ICMJE, and journal links including details regarding peer review to further emphasize familiarity with journal operations, workflow and the importance of ethics. For details click here.
Authors are expected to comply with ICMJE authorship requirements. Additional details for authors are located on General Information for Authors. There are no exceptions. Non-author contributors should be acknowledged, and contributions specifically noted, in the article.
ChatGPT and Chatbots
BHTY follows WAME Recommendations on ChatGPT and Chatbots. Click here for the full article.
- Chatbots cannot be authors. Chatbots cannot meet ICMJE authorship criteria. Chatbots cannot hold copyright. Authors submitting a manuscript must ensure that all those named as authors meet ICMJE authorship criteria.
- Authors should be transparent when Chatbots are used, provide information about how they were used in the cover letter, and also disclose use in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript. Authors submitting a paper in which a chatbot/AI was used to draft new text should note such use in the acknowledgment; all prompts used to generate new text, or to convert text or text prompts into tables or illustrations, should be specified. When an AI tool such as a chatbot is used to carry out or generate analytical work, assist with reporting results (e.g., generating tables or figures), or writing computer codes, this should be stated in the body of the paper, in both the Abstract and the Methods section. In the interests of enabling scientific scrutiny, including replication and identifying falsification, the full prompt used to generate the research results, the time and date of query, and the AI tool used and its version, should be provided.
- Authors are responsible for the work performed by a Chatbot in their paper (including the accuracy of what is presented, and the absence of plagiarism), and for appropriate attribution of all sources including for material(s) produced by the Chatbot.
- Editors and peer reviewers should specify to authors, publisher, and each other, any use of chatbots in the evaluation of the manuscript and generation of reviews and correspondence. If chatbots are used in communications, an explanation as to how they were used will be disclosed BEFORE used to the publisher. Editors and reviewers are responsible for any content and citations generated by a chatbot and should be aware chatbots retain prompts fed to them, including manuscript content, and supplying an author's manuscript to a chatbot breaches confidentiality of the submitted manuscript.
BHTY encourages the use of Chatbots and ChatGPT to assist with abstracts and Plain Language Summaries (PLS), and generating article keywords.
Should you have questions, contact the publisher at email@example.com
Generative AI Images
Generative AI image creation has resulted in legal copyright and research integrity issues. Partners In Digital Health (PDH) follows existing copyright law and best practices regarding publication ethics and DOES NOT permit its use for publication. Exceptions are images and video that are directly referenced in a piece that is specifically about AI and will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. This policy will be reviewed and adapted as needed.
Note: Use of non-generative machine learning tools to manipulate, combine, or enhance existing images or figures should be disclosed in respective manuscript captions and disclosed upon submission in the cover letter for transparent purposes and ethical review.
Allegations of Misconduct
The journal will vigorously investigate allegations of research or publication misconduct and will contact authors, institutions and all those associated to conduct a timely proper investigation following COPE guidelines. Corrective action will be taken, noted, any revisions or article status changes will also be noted on CrossMark.
Please email the managing editor with any concerns pre- and post-publication at firstname.lastname@example.org
Complaints and Appeals
Should reviewers reject the submission or resubmission, the managing editor will alert the Editors-in-Chief (EICs) to determine whether the EICs believe the submission warrants publication and benefits the field. The Editors-in-Chief and managing editor will, together, make a decision based on the reviewers' comments, and may contact the reviewers to discuss in more depth.
To appeal an editorial decision, contact the Managing Editor and explain your reason(s) for the appeal. When a paper has been revised in response to the review, or when authors appeal against a decision, we ask reviewers to provide follow-up commentary.
All appeals are discussed with the Editors-in-Chief and reviewers assigned to the submission. In the case of disagreement, BHTY may seek external advice on the appeal, but it is most likely the final decision will be left to the Editors-in-Chief.
Only one appeal will be considered. The Editors-in Chief decision will be final.
Please email the managing editor at email@example.com
To report a complaint against the journal, its staff, or editorial board, please email the publisher at firstname.lastname@example.org
The journal will vigorously investigate complaints or misconduct with a timely investigation following COPE guidelines. Corrective action will be taken, noted, and reported on CrossMark.
Collections, Guest Edited Collections, and Special Issues
Collections, Guest Edited Collections, and Special Issues may include original primary research articles, reviews, and other content types published by the journal. All manuscripts submitted to journal theme collections, guest edited collections, or special issues are assessed according to the journal’s editorial criteria and standards and policies including competing financial interests. Submitted content will conform to specifications stated in the scope of the collection, guest edited collection, or special issue. All submissions will undergo the journal’s standard peer review process.
- The Editor(s)-in-Chief is responsible for content of the entire journal, including special issues published by BHTY. Topics will be editorially relevant to the journal mission
- Special issue articles will have the same editorial oversight as regular papers submitted to BHTY, including external peer review, and be clearly labeled as such
- BHTY will ensure guest editor credentials are valid and approved for appropriate subject expertise, and have journal workflow knowledge to fulfill requirements of the role
- The Editor(s)-in-Chief(s), associate editors, and/or dedicated board members will oversee guest editors as per BHTY workflow, processes, and peer review policies. Journal staff and documented journal editors may assume responsibility for the management of collections and special issue at any time.
- Papers submitted to a special issue by its guest editor(s) will be reviewed as per BHTY peer review standards and processes, and should not include more than 25% of the total issue
- Guest editors will be provided with clear terms and guidance on their role in organizing, commissioning, and editing content for collections in the journal
- The publisher, journal staff, and journal editors will monitor for and report suspicions or knowledge of: citation cartels, undisclosed competing interests, peer review fraud, identity theft
- The journal will suspend the peer review and publication process of all content in a collection if/when investigations into unethical practices involving guest editors are identified
Repository Policy, Self-Archiving and Digital Preservation
Authors may deposit a copy of their paper in an institutional or other repository of their choice for the following versions, without embargo:
- *Submitted version
- Accepted version (author accepted manuscript)
- Published version (version of record)
*Submitted versions may already be available on preprint servers, have undergone open peer review, and have already been assigned a DOI number. BHTY accepts these manuscript and article submissions.
Authors should note BHTY is a gold open access journal which makes research output freely and immediately available online on publication, and automatically deposits open access articles in PubMed Central (PMC). Please note that there may be an interval of a few weeks between publication and the appearance of an article in PubMed Central, depending on the time required to process the deposit.
BHTY will also correct known copies of the article in databases such as PubMed and CorssMark, but it is the author’s responsibility to update articles in institutional repositories.
Authors are encouraged to deposit the final published PDF in their institutional repository or any suitable subject repository on publication. A link to BHTY’s website is required to ensure integrity, authenticity and provenance of the scientific record, with the online published version identified as the incontrovertible version of record and include the DOI number. The Article Proof of Origin (APOO) may also be referenced.
Financial and Non-Financial Relationships and Activities /Conflicts of Interest
BHTY requires all authors, reviewers and editors to declare financial and non-financial relationships and activities to the journal’s editorial office to ensure transparency is maintained. The journal publishes potential conflicts reported by board members on the Journal Relationships & Activities page. We ask editors to submit updates once a year. Any editor with a conflict must recuse themselves from reviewing submissions presenting a potential conflict.
Public trust in the scientific process and credibility of published articles hinges in part, on the transparency and trust publishers and authors are able to insure from collecting and reporting research, to writing research manuscripts, peer review, editing and publication of work. Professional judgments must not be influenced by financial gain. Purposeful failure to disclose relationships and activities is a form of misconduct. Authors must disclose all as per journal requirements and forms. The ICMJE has developed a Disclosure Form to facilitate and standardize authors’ disclosures. Authors are required to submit this form when a manuscript is submitted.
- Involvement in a business (such as ownership, employment, contracting or speaking for) that would financially gain from the publication of the work
- Rivalry in the same research area
- Potential career advancement based on the publication of the research
- Being asked to assess the work of a close colleague or relative for the journal
Predatory or Pseudo Journals
Be aware there are a myriad of entities promoting themselves as "scholarly medical journals," and are not. This is of particular interest to BHTY's publisher. See the blog post "It’s Time for an Integrity Throwdown: Conflicts of Interests in Scientific Communications," Blockchain in Healthcare Today, here.
Predatory journals do not conduct peer review, are not members of ICMJE, COPE or WAME. Journals may also be hijacked and cloned. Researchers must avoid submitting papers to them. Authors have a responsibility to evaluate a journal's policies, practices, and reputation for integrity. Reviewers must also vet journals they join to perform peer review. Seek the counsel of mentors and colleagues and reach out to journal editorial board members. Conduct proper due diligence.
New and reputable journals must conquer hurdles that are consistently raised, while legacy publishers continue to flourish. The publisher of BHTY asks you vet journals appropriately, and asks fair consideration is given to legitimate emerging entrants that strive to compete in an evolving marketplace.
Editorial Team and Staff
Issues regarding research integrity, publishing ethics, or legal issues relating to the journal may arise pre- or post-publication. The first step for editors and staff members is to discuss an identified issue with journal and staff team members where issues involve legal, defamation, breach of contract, privacy, or copyright infringement. The process for resolution may include:
- Seeking guidance or advice from sources such as COPE
- Involving institutions, employers, or funders to investigate author disputes and alleged misconduct
- Consult with other journal editors being mindful of confidentiality
Editors or Journal Staff as Authors
Editorial Board Members are required to declare any competing interests and are excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists. Where an Editorial Board Member is author they must declare this in the Financial and Non-Financial Relationships and Activities section on the submitted manuscript. If any other competing interests are identified regarding a specific manuscript, another editor will be assigned to assume responsibility of peer review. These submissions undergo the same review process as any other manuscript. The managing editor ensures no editors that are authors of manuscripts are invited to peer review their own manuscript.
In addition, if the editor is first author on an accepted manuscript, the APC is waived for the first accepted manuscript published. The student APC applies thereafter. Editorial and blogs are published at no charge. The journal board is comprised of volunteers. The journal recognizes their efforts, and has chosen to reduce fees in appreciation of the editor’s time.
Authors are lawful copyright owners of their articles and retain all rights to IP, patents, and trademarks for their work(s). Sharing articles for professional and personal use is strongly encouraged.
There are no embargoes. Abstracts of work may be presented at scientific conferences.
Human and Animal Subjects
BHTY follows the guidelines of the ICMJE.
When reporting research involving human data, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed have been assessed by the responsible review committee (institutional and national), and/or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration (revised in 2013). Authors must explain rationale for their approach and demonstrate the institutional review body explicitly approved any doubtful aspects of the study. Approval by a responsible review committee does not preclude editors from forming their own judgment as to whether the conduct of the research was appropriate. Authors must remember to add the trial registration number to the end of the abstract.
All authors should seek approval to conduct research from an independent local, regional, or national review body (e.g., ethics committee, institutional review board), and provide documentation of such upon an editors request.
For manuscripts reporting experiments on animals, the corresponding author must confirm that all experiments were performed in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. The manuscript must include a statement identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee approving the experiments, including any relevant details.
The ICMJE Recommendations guide accurate and unbiased reporting of industry-sponsored clinical trial data in medical journals. One update in the current version is:
- Reporting of trial participants: authors should discuss how representative the study sample is of the larger population of interest; in cases where race or ethnicity data were not collected, authors should explain why not.
Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects, observing privacy rights of human subjects. Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent requires an identifiable patient is shown the manuscript to be published. Informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt that anonymity can be maintained. If identifying characteristics are de-identified, authors should provide assurance that such changes do not distort scientific meaning.
Partners in Digital Health (PDH) is committed to supporting diversity, inclusion and egalitarianism across scientific and academic communication and in publishing practices.
This belief is reflected in our internal journal practices, editorial and peer review boards, in published content, journal and community outreach and ambassador chapters to demonstrate the portfolio’s integrity, trust and values to communities far and wide in tearing down any barriers and borders relating to knowledge, economics, age, race, gender, geography and political views. The founder and publisher has stated repeatedly since the journal’s inception, “all are welcome to the table.” The journal maintains an objective, unbiased and fair balanced posture at all times.
Priorities and actions include:
- Manuscript submission and Authorship
- Peer reviewers
- Editorial and Advisory Board Members
- ConV2X Conference and Pitch Competition
- Fees and business model
- Ambassador Chapters
We encourage all global citizens from all countries to learn, share and participate as equals. As of November 2023, the editorial board is comprised of:
- 23.8% Female
- 76.2% Male
- 61.9% are from the United States
- 38.1% are located outside the United States
- 36.5% are non-White
2023 Author Statistics are as follows:
- 42% Female
- 58% Male
- 61.5% located outside the United States
- 46% are non-White
Collection of Data on Editors, Authors, and Peer Reviewers
The journal does not collect information on race and ethnicity and does not permit editorial decisions to be influenced by the demographic characteristics of authors, peer reviewers, editorial board members, or editors. We continuously address equity and inclusion in our portfolio in these areas and others as needed, to ensure an ongoing commitment to global equality, diversity and inclusion.
Brief journal management policies and teamwork
Editorial independence: the Editor(s)-in-Chief, board members, and the managing editor make editorial decisions, not the journal owner and publisher. If legal or ethical issues arise with regard to an article or the journal, the owner/publisher will engage.
Preprints will be accepted and evaluated as to whether the journal will place the manuscript in peer review. Previous publication as a preprint should be disclosed in the paper.
Article corrections will be made on CrossMark. Retractions will be made on CrossMark. See Aims and Scope for fees.
New team members are sent details regarding basic journal workflow and operations, confidentiality, expectations, requirements and links to COPE, ICMJE to further emphasize familiarity with journal operations, workflow, the importance of ethics and peer review including links to Publons and ReviewerCredits, and viideo links for how to conduct peer review.
Journal staff keeps up with industry trends and developments and keeps staff and all editors informed. Staff seeks guidance from its editors.
Social media and Marketing
The journal is active across a multitude of social media platforms as are editors, authors, and the publisher. BHTY encourages high engagement with content, and appreciates open discussion and commentary.
Ethical business and marketing practices are maintained and monitored.
The publisher reserves the right to remove any posts or comments deemed inappropriate. The journal is open access and welcomes appropriate comments to posts across platforms. Foul language, coarse, obscene, or otherwise impolite expressions will be deleted by the publisher. Additionally:
- No response will be provided for queries regarding medical direction or advice
- Maintain HIPAA/GDPR guidelines for privileged content
- Refrain from posts that spam, solicit, advertise, promote or endorse any cryptocurrency, exchange, drug, health service, political or government organization
- Conduct due diligence and research when using social media platforms and verify users and information
- The publisher will block users, ads, companies and content that violate guidelines and misuse the privilege of evidence based scientific and professional communications
Authors are also encouraged to magnify work across their professional networks and cite them accordingly. Authors will be alerted to comments related directly to work by the publisher and will be asked to respond.
Authors and journal ecosystem members are encouraged to join or follow BHTY across open access platforms. The journal will post, promote, and amplify all articles, podcasts, conference proceedings, editorials, and blog posts across a multitude of social media platforms. This includes but is not limited to updates and news regarding the journal, its annual conference, calls for manuscripts, editors, special issues, market research updates, and news in the field.
The BHTY publisher and editors are free to publish relevant content, are encouraged to tag and comment on posts to generate discussion(s); and amplify the journal, its content, relevant news and opinions, and generate additional followers and awareness around the globe.
The journal amplifies work across the platforms below. Follow us and join the global ecosystem including ambassador chapters around the globe on YouTube Podcasts Facebook Twitter Medium Substack LinkedIn
Production and platform
Production is outsourced and typically takes 14 days after a manuscript is accepted for publication. If authors are tardy responding to queries it will take longer. Accepted versions may be published in the interim and replaced with the production ready article when available.
The journal platform and workflow is provided by OJS/PKP services and runs on version: Open Journal Systems 3.2
Revenue Sources may include advertising support for the journal, reprints, article publication fees, special editions, supplements, summits, advisory, roundtable proceedings, or custom projects. The journal curates an annual Converge2Xcelerate (#ConV2X) conference. Under no circumstance does commercial support impact editorial decisions for journal manuscript review or acceptance.
Copyright and Creative Commons License
Authors contributing to BHTY agree to publish their articles under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0). This allows reuse, subject only to the use being non-commercial, and to the article being fully attributed. Authors retain the copyright and full publishing rights, with first publication rights granted to Blockchain in Healthcare Today (BHTY). BHTY makes all open access articles freely available from the date of publication.
PIOs and bloggers must credit BHTY as Source when quoting articles, and provide a link to the journal and/or the original article with the DOI number cited.
Partners in Digital Health (PDH) is committed to supporting United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, and is a signatory of the UN SDG Publisher’s Compact. Part of this commitment entails that all journal articles are to be published online-only, with no print versions for distribution.
PDH acknowledges medical publishing contributes to carbon emissions which is a threat to planetary health. Stakeholders should work together for a zero emission goal.
Collection of Data on Editors, Authors, and Peer Reviewers
The journal does NOT collect information on race and ethnicity and does NOT permit editorial decisions to be influenced by the demographic characteristics of authors, peer reviewers, editorial board members, or editors.
We continuously address equity and inclusion in our portfolio in these areas and others as needed, to ensure our ongoing commitment to global equality, diversity and inclusion.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. The data collected from registered and non-registered users of this journal falls within the scope of the standard functioning of peer-reviewed journals. It includes information that makes communication possible for the editorial process; it is used to inform readers about the authorship and editing of content; it enables collecting aggregated data on readership behaviors, as well as tracking geopolitical and social elements of scholarly communication. This journal’s editorial team uses this data to guide its work in publishing and improving this journal. Data that will assist in developing this publishing platform may be shared with its developer Public Knowledge Project in an anonymized and aggregated form, with appropriate exceptions such as article metrics. The data will not be sold by this journal or PKP nor will it be used for purposes other than those stated here. The authors published in this journal are responsible for the human subject data that figures in the research reported here. Those involved in editing this journal seek to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provision for “data subject rights” that include (a) breach notification; (b) right of access; (c) the right to be forgotten; (d) data portability; and (e) privacy by design. The GDPR also allows for the recognition of “the public interest in the availability of the data,” which has a particular saliency for those involved in maintaining, with the greatest integrity possible, the public record of scholarly publishing.
Ownership and management
Partners in Digital Health (PDH), was founded in 2015 and is privately owned and independently operated by Tory Cenaj. Please see correspondence details below to contact the owner for inquiries.
Partners in Digital Health
241 Hamilton Avenue, Suite 21
Stamford, CT 06902, USA
Attention: Tory Cenaj, Owner and Publisher